— media, science & society - engagement & governance in Europe
MESSENGER, a project funded by the European Union under the 'Science and Society' section of the Sixth Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development, has been being undertaken by the Social Issues Research Centre(SIRC) in partnership with the Amsterdam School of Communications Research (ASCoR).
The project addresses the core of the Science and Society Work Programme which states in its introduction:
"In a knowledge-based society, both policy makers and citizens should be equipped to make informed choices from the ever-growing range of options thrown up by scientific and technological progress. The aim of this part of the programme is to help develop the environment in which this can be achieved …"
The role of the media is critical in enabling informed participation of this nature and is the primary focus of the proposed programme. MESSENGER further seeks to contribute to specific objectives of the Science and Society Work Programme, viz.
"… to help broad sections of society contribute in a more informed manner to policy-making, steps should be taken to encourage the rapid and open communication of scientific opinions and advice in understandable terms, particularly on new or emerging issues. This should entail integrated actions for more proactive approaches by the scientific community with media and society …"
The general objectives of MESSENGER:
- To contribute to the informed debate among scientists, journalists and representatives of civil society concerning the production of science, technology and health news, and the communication of risk in this context.
- To identify opportunities for appropriate engagement of relevant stakeholders and actors in the governance of scientific research and its applications in Europe.
- To determine perceptions of media coverage of science, technology and health issues in a representative sample of EU countries.
- To facilitate and improve the quality of dissemination of scientific information and advice through the mass media in Europe.
- To generate specific outputs of practical value in improving the transmission of scientific information and advice.
The specific objectives of MESSENGER:
- To develop Guidelines produced by SIRC in partnership with the Royal Institution and Royal Society to ensure their relevance and applicability to media reporting and communication of science, technology and health issues across Europe.
- To determine through consultation with relevant actors and stakeholders, perceptions of science media coverage across Europe - particularly the communication and discussion of risks and benefits arising from research.
- To establish how communication of risk and discussion of risk-related issues impacts on perceptions of scientific enterprise in EU countries. Consultation with key stakeholder groups and civil society organisations will form the basis for both the development and the evaluation of this aspect of the work.
- To develop a comprehensive methodology for analysing the production and coverage of science, technology and health news.
- To determine the various roles and styles of the print and broadcast media in a representative sample of EU countries.
- To develop relevant products for the briefing and training of EC-funded scientists in the dissemination of their work, based on consultation with all groups of relevant actors and stakeholders.
- To develop materials/modules based on the Guidelines to assist in the training of journalists.
- To develop materials of relevance to 'consumers' of science news to aid their discernment of critical issues and to encourage further dialogue between scientists, journalists and representatives of civil society.
These objectives have been achieved through three integrated main areas of activity:
- Europe-wide consultation with representatives within the science, technology and health communities, journalism organisations and representatives of civil society. A detailed analysis of the consultations has been conducted with summary output embedded in the European Guidelines.
- Media analysis of science, technology and health issues across Europe to assess the cultures, roles and styles of the media in communicating science. Detailed qualitative and quantitative analyses have been conducted of media coverage in six EU member states. Outputs have been incorporated into the Guidelines and into support materials.
- Dissemination and exploitation of the results via the establishment of overlapping networks involving journalists, broadcasters, teachers of science journalism, representatives of the various scientific disciplines and representatives of civil society groups. In liaison with central members of these networks, MESSENGER is disseminating the Guidelines and associated materials and seeking their endorsement by leading European scientific and journalist institutions, NGOs and other relevant bodies.
Conducting the MESSENGER project at the European level has allowed the development of Guidelines with a genuinely European provenance and applicability and thereby contributes centrally to the aims of the Science in Society Action Plan and Work Programme.
Focus on Los Angeles. Yes, the stars live in Los Angeles - Demi Moore eating at The Ivy, Jack Nicholson cheering at a Lakers basketball game, Jennifer Aniston on the beach - and they live here for the same reasons you visit: great leisure opportunities, exciting events and camera-ready ocean sunsets.
Inland Empire. With spectacular peaks and dramatic deserts, the Inland Empire region of Southern California is home to great contrasts, beauty and experiences. To the north, nestling along the aptly named rim of the World Scenic Byway, the San Bernardino Mountain communities of Lake Arrowhead and Big Bear Lake provide alpine playgrounds where you can fish, sail and cycle in summer.
Romancing the Desert. A romantic escape means reducing the world to just two people. Where better to do that than the desert? At Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, you're surrounded by 600,000 acres of, well, almost nothing. But the nothing that is there is truly spectacular and it offers the perfect framework for romance.
High Sierra. The Sierra Nevada mountain range is a geological wonder, home to three national parks - the glacier-carved canyons and "big tree" forests of Sequoia and Kings Canyon parks, as well as spectacular yosemite. Ski resorts (many open in summer for hiking and mountain biking) dot the steep slopes, especially around the jewel of the Sierra, turquoise blue Lake Tahoe.
California Shopping. This charming Napa Valley town boasts a wide variety of shops, especially for food and wine enthusiasts. Don't miss Dean & DeLuca, where you can sample (and buy) the region's gastronomic delights. Union Square is the place for high-end fashions such as Armani and Ferragamo, as well as the enormous Macy's department store. For incredible organic produce and artisan foods, visit the Ferry Building Marketplace near the Bay Bridge.
San Francisco. From sailing boats skimming under the Golden Gate Bridge, to clanging cable cars climbing steep hills, San Francisco has a magic that consistently makes it one of the most exciting cities in the world. taste fresh-steamed Dungeness crab on fisherman's wharf. Shop for treasures along luxurious maiden lane. enjoy long-running shows: the circus-like Teatro ZinZanni and the irreverent musical revue, Beach Blanket Babylon.
Best Theme Parks. Say "hi" to Mickey and friends and feel the magic of Anaheim's Disneyland Park, especially at night when it lights up with parades and fireworks. Next-door at Disney's California Adventure, take a simulated hang glider tour in Soarin' Over California or ride the adrenalin-pumping The Twilight Zone Tower of Terror.
Orange County. With miles of sun-kissed beaches and some of the world's best-loved theme parks, it's no surprise that Orange County makes it onto most visitors' must-see lists. With Disneyland Park, Disney's California Adventure Park and Knott's Berry Farm all within the region, "OC" makes a fantastic family destination.
Surf, Sun, Stars. Have fun at Disneyland and Universal Studios Hollywood, then explore Beverly Hills, lush vineyards and beautiful beaches. Santa Monica, Malibu, The Getty Center Los Angeles, Beverly Hills, West Hollywood.
California Winery. A visit to California's beautiful wineries can go far beyond sipping wines. Here are just some of the special events and activities throughout California. Winery tasting rooms are open daily: holiday schedules may vary.
Academy of Justice. Preparation of judiciary experts according to supreme and intermediate professional legal education programs; improvement of professional skills and retraining of judges, general and arbitration courts employees, employees of the Department of Justice at the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation.
Faculties Academy of Justice. Civil right, Theories of law, of state and judicial authority, Civil, arbitral and administrative procedural law, Criminal law, Criminal procedure, Constitutional law, International law, Foreign languages etc.
Post-graduate studies. The postgraduate studies faculty of the Academy prepares scientific-pedagogical and scientific jurisprudence personnel: Theory and history of law and the state, history of legal doctrines; Constitutional law, Municipal law, etc.
Scientific activity. The organization of scientific research activity The Southern - Russian academy of justice organizes and conducts scientific research work according to the annual scientific research plan based on the Academy’s annual plan.
International cooperation. International cooperation The Southern-Russian academy of justice actively participates in international legal cooperation. The following well-known and authoritative organizations and establishments, as the European Commission.
College of Law. A College of Law has been created within the framework of the Academy as its structural division in view of training highly skilled medium-level experts for the judiciary of the Russian Federation, ensuring continuous and sequential general medium-level and supreme professional training.